By Jess Peete – G&A Institute Sustainability Report Analyst Intern
It is often the case that many us may not give our monthly energy utility company a second thought — unless there is an issue with the power going out or the bill is too high.
However, for those of us working in the sustainability field, the Energy Utilities Industry is one of the most important industries to consider, regardless of where we live or do business.
This industry’s companies power our homes, power our businesses, and in so many ways power our modern lives.
Traditionally, the energy utilities & power generators industry relied on oil and coal to generate supply for the power grid. This historic reliance on fossil fuels has more recently become a major issue in focus for investors, and society, as the effects of climate change continue to grow and the impact of burning fossil fuels for energy become more apparent.
Because of these effects on the environment and atmosphere, the Energy Utilities and Power Generators sector is today considered “high impact”.
Key sustainability reporting frameworks – including the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) and the Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB) — have sector-specific reporting standards (GRI has supplemental guidance that goes beyond their regular reporting requirements in order to more accurately measure the societal impact of the industry.)
Similarities and Differences in Standards
I’ve found that there is a great deal of similarity in the GRI Sector Supplements and SASB Industry standards for the Energy Utilities and Power Generation industry — but there are distinct differences as well.
The sector supplements only exist for GRI-G4, however, it is still advised for reporting organizations to now use the GRI Standards and incorporate the sector-specific disclosures from the GRI-G4 energy sector supplement to establish a more thorough industry-specific review of the total impact of the energy utilities sector.
The SASB Standards
SASB defines the materiality for the Energy Utilities sector reporting to include the following topics:
- Greenhouse Gas Emissions & Energy Resource Planning
- Air Quality
- Water Management
- Coal Ash Management
- Community Impacts of Project Siting
- Workforce Health & Safety
BUSINESS MODEL AND INNOVATION
- End-Use Efficiency & Demand
LEADERSHIP AND GOVERNANCE
- Nuclear Safety & Emergency Management
- Grid Resiliency
- Management of the Legal & Regulatory Environment
Overall, the SASB standards appear to me to be quite comprehensive for a company to follow for their reporting — and would require reporting for many aspects of the electric power grid, including overall energy supply chain impacts.
For instance, SASB requires a calculation of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) emitted related to operations — but also requires a qualitative reporting of management-level planning to reduce the GHG emissions (emitted both from the company and its customers).
SASB addresses this in terms of recommending corporate reporting on negative environmental impacts — such things as coal ash and potential hazards such as posed by nuclear plants.
The GRI Standards
There appears to be little to no mention of coal ash storage in the GRI Standards — unless a company chooses to include coal ash as effluence.
This type of reporting could also be included in a company’s disclosure of their management approach (DMA) in the GRI Standards Report.
One area where the GRI standards seems to have a stronger “urging” for corporate reporting is the Sector impact on water, which is incredibly important because the energy utilities sector is one of the biggest users of water (usually required for cooling).
GRI Standards, in this case, appear to take a more holistic approach to water consumption (measuring total stress) while SASB only requires reporting the water impact from high stress areas.
Because of the high impact that energy production and distribution have on climate, local communities, and the economy, companies in the Sector using both the GRI Standards and GRI G4 Energy Supplement alongside the SASB Energy Utilities Sector Supplement will be able to create a sustainability report that measures the true impact and costs of operations.
Measuring and managing these material E&S issues can help to provide both companies and investors in the sector a better understanding of their businesses, and a clear pathway to keeping consumer costs low while shifting to an energy portfolio that is one more based on sustainable energy.
Note: This commentary is part of a series sharing the perspectives of G&A Institute’s Analyst-Interns as they examine literally thousands of corporate sustainability / responsibility reports. Click the links below to read the first post in the series which includes explanations and the series introduction as well as the other posts in the series:
1st in Series: The Software / IT Services Industry – GRI & SASB Standards In Focus – Perspectives on Alignments & Differences
2nd in Series: The Agriculture Products Industry — GRI & SASB Standards In Focus – Perspectives on Alignments & Differences
4th in Series: The Food Industry – GRI & SASB Standards In Focus – Perspectives on Alignments & Differences